SAEVA DUPKA – LOVECH – DEVETASHKA CAVE
*field trip cost is 50 EUR (should be payed on registration desk), included:
- tourist bus ticket
- certificate travel guide
- tickets for two caves
- lunch in town of Lovech
The Sаeva Dupka Cave is one of nine developed caves in Bulgaria. It is located near the village of Brestnitsa in the Lovech region. The cave was declared a natural landmark since October 10, 1962. When the cave was being developed for tourists, workers found animal bones, earthenware pottery, and Roman coins.
The cave opened for visitors in 1967, but was closed in 1990. It reopened in 2004. Sаeva Dupka consists of 5 galleries, the largest of which is The Srutishte (Demolished) Gallery.
Sаeva Dupka is exceptionally beautiful, displaying all forms found in caves: stalactites, stalagmites, karst lakes, rock curtains, and so forth. The cave’s lavishly decorated walls and ceiling give visitors the impression that they have entered a cathedral. The Harmana Gallery has such excellent acoustic properties that concerts are held here that often feature large choirs and famous performers. The cave has also been used a setting in films.
City of Lovech
Lovech is situated in North Central Bulgaria, along the two banks of the Osam river. It is situated at the distance of about 170 km to the north-east of Sofia. It was founded as a Bulgarian fortress in the Middle Ages over the ruins of a Roman road station. It has been known under name Lovech since 12th century. Houses of Ranaissance architecture have been preserved in the ancient part of the town, called Varosha. On the place where there was a covered bridge built by Kolyo Ficheto in 1874, nowadays there is a covered iron-concrete bridge with shops along it.
The Covered Bridge is, as the name suggests, a covered bridge in the town of Lovech, Bulgaria. The bridge crosses the Osam River, connecting the old (Varоsha) and new town parts of Lovech, being possibly the most recognisable symbol of the town. The bridge is one of the few remaining in Europe that have shops on them. After the bridge that then served the town was almost completely destroyed by a flood in 1872 are construct a new one. The bridge was decorated by four sculpture figures, a lion, a two-headed eagle, female bust, and a stick with a mace. The lion figure can be found on the bridge today.
The Devetashka cave is located 18 kilometers northeast of Lovech and 2 kilometers of the village of Devetaki. The cave is also known as Maarata or Oknata for its seven different-sized holes in the ceiling, through which sunlight penetrates and illuminates the central hall and part of its two fields.
In the beginning of the 1950s, serious explorations of the cave were held, concerning its transformation into a warehouse. The studies showed that the Devetashka cave used to be inhabited (with some interruptions) during almost every historical era. The earliest traces of human presence date back to the middle of the Early Stone Age before about 70,000 years BC. The Devetashka cave is among the cave deposits with the richest cultural artifacts from the Neolithic (6th millennium – 4t h millennium BC).
The entrance of the cave is 35 meters wide and 30 meters high. About 40 meters after the entrance, the cave widens, forming a spacious hall with an area of 2,400 square meters. The height of the hall is 60 meters; at some places it reaches 100 meters.
About 200 meters of the entrance, the two fields separate from the hall. The left one is more than 2 kilometers long, a small river runs along it, which passes through the main hall and flows into the Osam river. The right field is warm and dry. Its entrance is 2.5 meters high and 5.7 meters wide. The field widens after the entrance and forms a rectangular hall – 50 meters long and 10-15 meters wide. This field ends with a small gallery with a round room, also known as the Altar. The cave was declared a natural landmark by order No RD 238/ 7 June 1996.